Band of historical relevance if there is one: here we see the trajectory of Pink Floyd in a timeline. Slide here:
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The band was initially formed in 1964 by Syd Barrett (guitar, vocals), Roger Waters (bass, vocals), Richard Wright (keyboard) and Nick Mason (drums). After his debut album The Piper at the Gates of Dawn (1967), David Gilmour replaced Barrett.
Pink Floyd´s history in short
The Pink Floyd story began in 1964, with Syd Barrett (guitar, vocals, and lead songwriter), Roger Waters (bass), Richard Wright (keyboards) and Nick Mason (drums). Led by Barrett, they began as a psychedelic and experimental rock band, a characteristic that they would maintain especially on their first albums.
As it is widely known, Syd Barrett’s behavior was somewhat errant: marked by mental illness and drug abuse, for the tour to promote Pink Floyd’s first album, The Piper at the Gates of Dawn (1967), it was impossible to perform and rehearse with him.
With guitarist David Gilmour already in the line-up, prior to starting the recording of their second album, A Saucerful of Secrets (1968), Barrett was fired from the band, much to the chagrin of his teammates.
In subsequent works such as More (1969), Atom Heart Mother (1970), Meddle (1971) and Obscured by Clouds (1972) they maintained the psychedelic and collective song writing style that characterized them.
By 1973 they reached one of the peaks of their career with the acclaimed The Dark Side of the Moon: with hyper classics like Breathe, Money and The Great Gig in the Sky this work established them as a historical band for progressive and experimental rock. It was a conceptual work that addressed problems such as death, materialism and the purpose (or not) of life.
We have covered the influences of Pink Floyd´s The Dark Side of the Moon in another post.
The albums that followed The Dark Side of The Moon are also considered Pink Floyd classics: 1975’s Wish You Were Here was conceived in part as a tribute to his former partner Syd Barrett, while 1977’s Animals was another concept album by clear political-ideological cut. By this time Roger Waters had already assumed the preponderant conceptual-minded role at Pink Floyd.
But it was in 1979 that, again, they found massive success: The Wall was published in 1979 as a double-format rock opera, taking inspirations from Barrett, facisms, and social isolation. It was during the recording of this famous album that keyboardist Richard Wright was urged by Roger Waters to leave the band.
1983: With Waters in full control of Pink Floyd, the “sequel” to The Wall: The Final Cut is released. Practically managed by the bassist and singer, the album contains notable references to the English minister Margaret Tatcher, the de facto president of Argentina, the military officer Leopoldo Galtieri, and the Malvinas war between Argentina and England.
In 1985 Roger Waters left Pink Floyd, with the idea of ending the band, but David Gilmour and Nick Mason decided to continue. That led to a legal battle between the two parties, which was settled in the mid-1980s, with Gilmour, Mason and a re-entry Rick Wright as Pink Floyd and with Roger Waters retaining the rights to The Wall.
In 1987, without Wright as an official member but present as a session musician on the record, Pink Floyd released A Momentary Lapse of Reason. Usually it is considered one of the band´s least appealing albums.
In 1994 the redemption of the “Gilmour era” of Pink Floyd ocurred, with the release of the acclaimed The Division Bell.
On July 2, 2005, during Live 8, it was the last time that Roger Waters, David Gilmour, Richard Wright and Nick Mason played together as Pink Floyd.
Syd Barrett passed away on July 7, 2006. On September 15, 2008, Richard Wright passed away.
The Endless River (2014) was completed by the rest of the members of Pink Floyd, David Gilmour and Nick Mason, using takes recorded by Wright before he died, thus constituting the final studio album of the band.
Pink Floyd discography
Pink Floyd has released fourteen studio albums. The last one, The Endless River, was published after the death of Richard Wright with the remaining material of the sessions of The Divison Bell.
- 1967: The Piper at the Gates of Dawn
- 1968: A Saucerful of secrets
- 1969: Music from the Film More
- 1969: Ummagumma
- 1970: Atom Heart Mother
- 1971: Meddle
- 1972: Obscured by Clouds
- 1973: The Dark Side of the Moon
- 1975: Wish You Were Here
- 1977: Animals
- 1979: The Wall
- 1983: The Final Cut
- 1987: A Momentary Lapse of Reason
- 1994. The Division Bell
- 2014. The Endless River